Deep infrequent soakings. New trees will need to be watered regularly until they become established. Generally it takes 1 year per caliper inch for a new tree to establish (i.e. 2 inch tree planted will take 2 years to establish).
Watering should occur in the morning or the evening hours when possible to avoid midday evaporation.
Soaker hose or a slow stream of water should be applied near the stem of the tree. The amount may vary depending on your soil.
Drench the soil until you begin to see pooling and runoff, at that time your soil is saturated and can’t absorb anymore water.
There is no need to water if it has rained significantly that day.
Remember roots also need period of dry to respire, the soil should not always be saturated or the tree will drown.
Natural wood/bark mulch is highly recommended for new tree plantings
Reduces competition from grass, keeps mowers and whackers away, and mitigates soil moisture.
Make the mulch ring as big as possible, 2-4 feet is common
Apply mulch 1-3 inches thick.
Keep mulch away from stem of tree to avoid structural and disease issues.
Trees grow in response to some wind stress, and need movement to be strong.
Only if absolutely needed a tree should be loosely staked to prevent tipping.
Staking and guying ties should be removed as soon as possible, generally after the first year.
New trees need minimal fertilizer initially and it is recommended to wait until the following season for fertilization.
If desired for poor sites a light slow release fertilizer can be used.
After establishment trees can benefit from the professionally applied fertilizers like our Bio Pack soil injection fertilization, to increase health and vigor.
New trees are more vulnerable to animal damage such as rabbits, voles, and deer.
Consider a trunk wrap protector to protect against deer. Especially in the fall and winter.
Small bushes may be susceptible to rabbit and vole damage. Low fencing around new bushes may help.
During establishment limit pruning to dead and broken branches
Soon after establishment professional structural pruning should be done to ensure a good future structure. On a typical young tree a training pruning is recommended after 2-3 years.
A pruning cycle of every 2-5 years should be established to ensure the proper care for your tree.
We can monitor your tree on a schedule to keep it safe, healthy, and looking good.